Wounds — cut, scratch or scrape — were common for most of us during our childhood days. Wounds are not given priority as most of the time they heal quickly when kept clean and free of infection. But there are certain other types of wounds that need medical intervention. Such wounds are called as decubitus ulcers, commonly known as bed sores or pressure sores, and occur where the bones are close to the skin (such as ankles, elbows, back, heels and hips). Such sores are common in bedridden people, individuals using a wheelchair or in people who are unable to change their position. Diabetic people are at an increased risk of foot ulcers and these can take weeks or months to heal.
Serious wounds require more protein, energy, vitamins and minerals to heal and good food choices help to elevate these nutrient levels. Further, the liquid oozing from the wounds carry some nutrients in their kitty leading to further nutrient loss.
Foods to Heal Wounds
- Consume the required calories from a well-balanced diet. Try to include at least three food groups during every meal or snack.
- Include protein in every meal. Try obtaining 20 to 30 grams of protein from each meal and 10 to 15 grams of protein from each snack. You can have cooked chicken, lean meat or fish about the size of a deck of cards (85 grams) as these contain 20 to 25 grams of protein. One egg, 1 tablespoon of peanut butter or 28 grams of cheese contains 6 to 7 grams of protein while one cup of low-fat milk or yogurt contains 8 grams of protein.
- Be cautious when choosing beverages. Drink plenty of water and choose from unsweetened beverages such as coffee, tea, 100-percent fruit juice and milk as these are also good sources of protein.
- Certain wounds require higher mineral and vitamin levels. It is better to discuss with a registered dietitian nutritionist at www.firsteatright.com to plan an individualized eating plan that contains balanced levels of calories, proteins, fluids, vitamins and minerals to meet your requirements.
- Diabetic people can prevent/treat wounds by maintaining controlled blood sugar levels. Here again, stay in touch with your physician and registered dietitian nutritionist to stay on an optimum blood sugar level.