HIV Patients are at an Increased Risk of High Blood Pressure

 High cholesterol in HIV patients can trigger high BP levels
Non-infectious Diseases Such as BP Attack HIV Patients These Days

Individuals with HIV are affected lifelong and their immune system is compromised forever. Treatment can only improve quality of life but never cure the disease. Now, a new study shows that people with HIV are likelier than people without the virus to be affected by high blood pressure as a part of treatment outcomes and repercussions of the condition.

High blood pressure is common among the general population owing to increased stress, anxiety and tension existing in today’s world and people often rely upon medications to control BP. High BP is a dangerous risk factor for other serious health conditions such as cardiovascular problems and stroke. Hence, knowing more about the reason behind high BP in people with HIV is critical to prevent it from further pushing the individual into premature cardiovascular disease. This seems to be of immense importance as the world has witnessed a surge in the rates of people dying from conditions such as heart disease and stroke.

HIV affected the patient badly due to frequent occurrence of infections but with advanced treatment options such infections have been contained and now we see a great increase in the number of non-infectious consequences of HIV and hypertension is one of them. Immune system is constantly active in people with HIV and this leads to chronic inflammation in the arteries resulting in stiffness and enlargement of the artery. Antiretroviral meds can also trigger inflammation. Also, HIV people are at a four-time higher risk of suffering from kidney condition due to high blood pressure and chronic inflammation as well.

Studies suggest that high cholesterol in HIV patients might trigger high blood pressure in them. A proper diet and regular exercise can keep BP and sugar levels under control. For a well-balanced diet that helps you maintain blood pressure, blood sugar and cholesterol levels please get in touch with dietitians and nutritionists at www.firsteatright.com. But researchers involved in the new study say that lipid disorders in people with HIV are linked to low hormone levels that regulate blood sugar and break down fat. They also feel that mechanisms in the immune system are linked with high blood pressure. Hence it is critical that physicians diagnose HIV at an earlier stage and treat high BP (if present) to prevent the patient from succumbing to even greater problems such as heart attacks and stroke.

Sadly, there is not enough awareness present among public that HIV patients are at a higher risk of cardiovascular diseases and when both, the patient and the practitioner become aware of the existence, it becomes better for treatment and control.

Heart Failure with Ejection Fraction

EF lesser than 35% is dangerous
Oxygen-rich Blood is not pumped Out Effectively in EF

The size of a clenched fist, the heart is a muscle that pumps blood to all parts of the body providing it with the much-required oxygen and nutrients essential for functioning. Its not uncommon to see kids playing with their toy stethoscope and monitoring the heartbeat of their papa or mama full of smiles. Though unable to hear even the minutest of sound these kids pretend-play and enjoy themselves. A healthy heart beats around 60 to 80 times every minute to enable pumping of blood throughout the body. There are four valves in the heart that ensure that the blood flows in one direction only through the heart. Starting to flow from the right atrium blood enters the right ventricle. This oxygen-rich blood enters the left side of the heart flowing from the left upper chamber to the lower chamber through the mitral valve. From the left ventricle, blood is pumped into various arteries that carry blood throughout the body.

Ejection Fraction (EF)

Ejection fraction refers to how well the left ventricle pumps blood every time your heart beats, that is how much blood is pumped out of the left ventricle each time it contracts. Usually expressed as a percentage an EF of 50% means that 50% of the total quantity of blood is pushed out of the left ventricle with each heartbeat. Normally, EF must be between 50 and 70% but even when EF ranges are normal it is still possible to suffer from heart failure. Sometimes, the ventricles hold lesser than the normal ranges of blood and it might seem that the ventricles pump out a normal percentage of the blood that enters it. But this is never enough to meet the body’s needs.

Heart failure with ejection fraction occurs when the left ventricle is not pumping blood as it does normally. A heart failure indicates that the heart is not working as well as it should. An ejection fraction between 40 and 54% indicates that the pumping ability of the heart is slightly below normal and there is a slight decrease in the quantity of blood available to other parts of the body. An EF between 35 and 39% indicates that the pumping ability is moderately below normal whereas an EF lesser than 35% means that the pumping ability is severely below normal. An EF below 35% puts you at a greater risk of life-threatening irregular heartbeats that can cause sudden cardiac arrest/death.

On the contrary, an EF greater than 75% in adults is indicative of a heart condition such as hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Read more about this condition from the website www.firsteatright.com.

Diagnosis

An echocardiogram shows that a majority of patients with heart failure have normal ventricular ejection fraction. While previously called as diastolic heart failure it’s now called as heart failure with preserved ejection fraction. EF can be either of the below two:

Preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF): This is also known as diastolic heart failure. While the heart muscles contract normally the ventricles do not relax as they should be during any other day.

Reserved ejection fraction (HFrEF): This is also called as systolic heart failure. Here, the heart muscles don’t contract effectively and hence, less quantity of blood is pumped to all other organs of the body.

The physician suggests for an echo, CAT scan, cardiac catheterization or a nuclear stress test to measure ejection fraction.

Double Ear Infection

Breast feeding can protect a child from ear infection
Irritability is Commonly Seen in Children Suffering from Double Ear Infection

Suffering from an ear infection is bad enough. What about those suffering from infections in both the ears named as double ear infections? It’s pathetic!

Double Ear Infections

Though not serious, symptoms of double ear infections are severe and can cause pain to the individual. Common symptoms include:

  • Extreme pain in the ear
  • Headache
  • Sleeping difficulty
  • Lingering fever for more than a couple of days
  • Hearing problems
  • Liquid draining from the ear

Symptoms in infants/toddlers include crying continuously, loss of interest in feeding, constant pulling on the ears, irritability and fever.

Causes

  1. Bacteria or virus in the middle ear can cause infection
  2. Individuals suffering from upper respiratory infections can also develop ear infection
  3. Enlarged adenoids (tissue at the back of the nose)
  4. Infection in one ear can spread to the other ear resulting in double ear infection

Risks

While the infection is not dangerous several persistent or recurrent infections can cause:

  • Ruptured eardrums where the eardrum heals within a few weeks.
  • Infants and toddlers who suffer from frequent hearing loss (this is the most common complication of double-ear infections that will vanish once the infection clears away) experience delays in speech and development
  • Risk of the infection spreading to other areas of the body

Diagnosis & Treatment

All individuals are required to meet the doctor if symptoms persist for more than 24 hours and in case of infants it is advisable to meet the doctor immediately after noticing any symptoms. In case the affected individual suffers from pus or blood discharge it is required to meet a doctor immediately.

The doctor understands the symptoms and uses an otoscope to examine both ears for signs of redness, swelling or pus. A pneumatic otoscope can help identify how much the eardrum moves in response to pressure. Lack of response suggests fluid buildup behind the ear. Treatment involves dispensing antibiotics or surgery in the case of smaller children suffering intermittent ear infections. Some even try home remedies in the form of hot compress to soothe pain and clear infection. Here, a cloth is soaked in warm water, excess water is squeezed out and the cloth is placed over the affected area.

Prevention

It is quite difficult to avoid ear infections in children altogether, but we can take as much steps as possible from our end to minimize the frequency of occurrence:

  • Avoiding contact with sick people
  • Educate children to abstain from sharing utensils
  • Washing hands frequently using the ‘Happy birthday’ song technique elaborated at www.firsteatright.com.
  • Stay away from cigarette smoke
  • Get the child immunized as per the schedule
  • Breast feed infants whenever possible holding them in upright position while feeding
  • Never leave the bottle intact in the child’s mouth during sleep as prolonged bottle-feeding can increase ear and sinus infections, acid reflux and cough

While a double ear infection starts subsiding soon after treatment is initiated the patient recovers 100% only after completing the entire course of treatment.

Drops of Sweat Make Exercising Less Stressful

Exercise a little more every day
Build on your Workout with Smaller Goals

Physical activity guidelines are pretty straightforward. Adults need to indulge in 150 minutes of activity per week that elevates heart rate while older adults need to add a dash of balance exercises along with the recommended exercise numbers. Weight lifting must be done twice a week to strengthen major muscle groups by all adults with the exception of pregnant or nursing women. Preschoolers must be active all through the day and most aren’t complaining about it as it is the parents who bear the brunt of their activity! School children and adolescents must exercise at least for 180 minutes per week.

Building Up the Structure for Exercise

You might heave a sigh of frustration or a smirk after reading through the time that must be allocated each day to stay healthy but there is some news to cheer you up! While earlier guidelines insisted on exercising at least for 10 consecutive minutes to reap benefits the new guidelines don’t say so! Even walking while talking over phone or climbing a flight of steps are counted as exercising and accumulate towards your daily target.

Most people assume exercise in term of ‘give it your best’ or ‘do nothing’ and the latest guidelines come at the right time breaking this school of thought. It is inclined on promoting the principle of ‘move more and sit less’. It encourages individuals to spend more time on physical activity and spend minimal time sitting around. Its all about trying your best to achieve a little more than yesterday. Don’t bother about not achieving your daily guidelines immediately. A small improvement or extension of your daily activity contributes a little more towards achieving your goals.

The best way to approach a goal is to break it into smaller chunks and achieving them one by one. For instance, none is going to achieve a 20-kilometer marathon run in one go. He/she plans for it, practices daily, covers a certain distance in a day, tries to beat his/her own distance in the coming days and finally performs the 20-kilometer run with a bang on D-day. This is the best way to approach physical activity goals too.

Start with a goal in mind, work constantly towards it, increase your pace, track progress and celebrate smaller achievements while working towards your bigger goal. If you have only 5 minutes to spare daily amounting to 35 minutes a week try pushing in a couple of minutes here and there to increase it to 40-45 minutes of exercise a week. This also gives you enough time to improve your fitness levels and feel less worked out on your fitness routine. This is a much practical solution than trying to allocate 45 minutes every day for exercise which never happens practically in the case of most people. Even if you have not reached your 150 minute a week goal, it is never a far sight and each day you can try to beat your previous days’ timing by forming a new schedule and beating the older routine. To stay active and be equipped with the energy to exercise every individual has to eat a nutrition-rich diet containing all necessary vitamins and minerals in the right combination. For planning such a diet routine a registered dietitian nutritionist at www.firsteatright.com is the best person to help you.

Exercise & Health

Exercise not only helps you maintain a healthy body weight but also reduces your risk of diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease and cancers. Exercise is rewarding both in the short-term as well as long-term. It elevates our mood and helps us feel good immediately. It helps to focus more, feel less stressed and more energized after physical activity. Depression chances are also neutralized and exercising also decreases feelings of anxiety.

Exercising is fun until you enjoy doing it. Try to never indulge in too much of exercise on a single day. Find ways to introduce changes in your routines to which you are sure to stick to. Keep the guidelines aside and focus on exercising a bit more every day. This way you can surely surpass your guidelines and become fitter and healthier.

Fitting Missing Links to Disintegrate Fitness Myths

Testosterone, the main ingredient for muscle building is present in decreased amounts in women
Lifting Weight Doesn’t Make you Bulky but Toned & Strong

Information is power and in today’s world we are in no shortage of information. With innumerable resources available to fetch any information there always exists the question of authenticity and reliability. While the logic is applicable to any sector it is especially true in the case of health, fitness and nutrition. Given here are similar such myths that’s been doing the round for years.

Myth: Abdominal crunches help you with your six-packs

Reality: The primary motive of any fitness expert is to help the client build on a strong core using numerous techniques along with the abdominal crunches. Getting a chiseled midsection needs greater efforts than the crunches and core exercise along with crunches improve muscular endurance, strength, spine stabilization and posture. Reducing your belly is a monumental task by itself and a flat belly is achieved by combining cardiovascular activity, resistance and core training. Along with this, one must follow a healthy nutritious diet and lead an active lifestyle for maximized effects. Get in touch with registered dietitian nutritionists at www.firsteatright.com to get your customized diet plan that would work wonders when consumed along with these exercises.

Myth: Discontinuing resistance training will reverse muscles to fat

Reality: Muscles (lean tissue) and fat (non-lean tissue) are two different materials with different metabolic rates, biochemical structures and functions. When an individual stops working out and starts leading a sedentary lifestyle lean tissue only decreases in size and becomes weak. At no point of time will it convert into fat and basically, it cannot convert into fat. Only the resting metabolic rate slows due to decreased muscle mass.

Myth: Women who weightlift become bulkier

Fact: This is by far the worse myth that can circulate around. Women in fact must weightlift for becoming healthy, strong and toned. If one equates them to ‘bulky’ they are totally mistaken. Basically, testosterone is a hormone required for muscle growth and this is available in high concentration in men comparatively. Women too have it but in significantly less proportions. Still, some females have it inbuilt to develop better muscle tone compared to the rest. Whatever be it, women generally need to strive very hard by means of extreme workouts, disciplined eating habits and supplementations to build muscle. The good news is that these days many women are taking up weight training without shying away from it.

Myth: Specific exercises to workout the fat-burning areas will help you lose weight faster

Fact: This myth is like a half-baked cake. While something called as a fat-burning zone does exist and it’s the point at which lipids are used for energy, in general, lipids are used at rest and during low-intensity activities. Performing low-intensity activities burns lesser calories and these are not sufficient to initiate weight loss. Weight loss requires performing high-intensity exercises and increasing heart rate. Weight loss is achieved by the perfect mix of physical activity, nutrition and an active lifestyle.

Myth: Perform stretches before exercising for enhanced results

Fact: Almost all fitness centers request their clients to go for a warm up and cool down session before and after their workout. A warm-up helps to prepare the individual’s body for the upcoming workout by raising muscle temperature, heart rate, releasing specific hormones and preparing you mentally. Static stretching is of help only after the exercise session and dynamic stretching is effective before starting a workout. That’s because dynamic stretching helps you activate each of the muscles that might be used during workout while static stretching only helps you relax. None of us want to start working out in a relaxed manner as it decreases the force of our workout and it is always recommended to perform static stretches after exercise for maximum effectiveness.

Increased LDL Cholesterol Levels in Younger Adults Leave Them Vulnerable to Heart Disease

A healthy lifestyle is a great way to maintain cholesterol levels
Test for Cholesterol Levels Since your 20s & Keep them Under Control

At the movie its time to choose a tub of buttery popcorn, at home we relish all the delicacies prepared irrespective of the ingredients and at the restaurant we order to our heart’s content. People never restrict consumption of fried foods, processed foods or baked goods unless an illness or disease strikes. Children as small as 5-year-old these days decide on what they want to eat. Weekends are for junk where the kid gets to choose between pizza or donuts, lollipop or pastry or between an ice cream or thick shake! Young adults too party out, dine with colleagues on most days at office or chill out at home by ordering from home delivery sites. These guys neither exercise nor do they involve themselves in some physical activity. All these are critical reasons for rising obesity/overweight rates.

Health sector is booming as people are continuously falling sick over one disease or the other. It was swine flu sometime back, then it was peak season for Zika virus and now its dengue. These are the results of reduced immunity and increased antibacterial resistance owing to inappropriate antibiotic usage. On the other hand we have diabetes, blood pressure and cardiovascular diseases having a gala time as we manhandle not only people but also our beloved body which has given us our precious life.

Younger Generation Might Suffer Badly from Cardiovascular Diseases

Cholesterol can be good or bad but we always choose foods that are brimming with bad cholesterol-French fries, donuts, potato wafers, chicken wings and samosas. Its been recommended for everyone above the age of 20 to get their cholesterol levels tested and ensure that it’s kept under control. A latest study has proved that young healthy people may be at an all-time risk of premature death due to cardiovascular disease if they don’t keep their cholesterol levels under control.

Globally, a third of ischaemic heart disease is due to high cholesterol and this remains as the leading cause of death worldwide. The coronary arteries exist as the only suppliers of blood to the heart and a blockage in the artery reduces blood supply to the heart muscle. LDL is a cholesterol (also called as bad cholesterol) that paves way for clogged arteries which exist as primary risk factors for heart attack and stroke. Increase in cholesterol levels at a younger age is indicative of heightened risk of cardiovascular disease as the person grows old. This calls for immediate action to let people belonging to any age group aware of the risk of elevated cholesterol levels and also help them with different ways to keep these levels controlled.

The study included more than 36,000 young souls who were devoid of diabetes or cardiovascular problems. These participants were followed-up for 27 years. Results showed that:

  1. Of the total participants (72% were men whose average age was 42) 1,086 people died from cardiovascular disease and 598 died of coronary heart disease.
  2. Compared to those whose LDL readings were under 100 mg/dL, participants whose LDL levels existed between 100 and 159 mg/dL were at a 30-40% increased risk of cardiovascular disease death and those participants whose LDL levels were 160 mg/dL or higher were at a 70-90% increased risk.

The main point of the study is that having a 10-year low cardiovascular risk doesn’t nullify the risk of elevated LDL levels over the lifetime. Its necessary to constantly monitor our LDL levels and keep them under 100 mg/dL. This is possible with excellent lifestyle interventions in the form of diet and exercise. Each of us should limit saturated fats intake, avoid tobacco consumption and lead an active lifestyle to keep cholesterol levels under check. If you are someone suffering from high cholesterol levels its better to get in touch with reputed dietitian nutritionists at www.firsteatright.com to modify your diet and bring in beneficial changes that can be followed for a lifetime of good health.

Disagreeable People Can Stave Off Depression by Practicing Compassion

Disagreeable people lack empathy towards close people too
Hostility Backfires & Leaves you Isolated As Time Passes By

‘Self-sufficient’ is the term most people fall in love with these days. Earlier, communication and interaction were the best way to pass time and enjoy. Nowadays interactions have become a chore and people hate each other’s company. We love our smartphones and use the GPRS to guide us through lanes and streets rather than ask a fellow traveler for routes. It is better to watch a movie alone at home than invite a few friends and disagree with their views. Be the king of your kingdom, isn’t it? Such practices have left people exhaustive of compassion, love and care for others.

Love Only for Thyself

Its not impossible to live alone. It’s mostly those who are highly disagreeable with others who wish to live a life of their own without sharing it with anyone else. Its most likely that these are the people who express least kindness towards others and again these are the ones who are also likelier to benefit more by practicing compassion. This is not a theory but the result of a reputed study.

A study tracked the results of an online compassion training done on more than 640 people who suffered from mild depression. The participants were asked to participate in one of the three online exercises including a control condition. These participants were asked to report their answers every alternate day through the same online platform up to a period of three weeks. Results showed that after a period of two months those participants who expressed heightened levels of compassion experienced maximum relief from depression and greater life satisfaction.

We are humans who have been surrounded by people since our birth-parents, grandparents, siblings, friends and neighbors. Its not like we have jumped from sky and started leading lives on our own. Living with people until now why do suddenly a certain group of individuals start hating people, the society around and everything that includes being social? It may be due to the fact that they have been cheated, ignored or used but secluding yourself from the society is not going to solve the problem. Ultimately everybody needs people. Owing to their attitude and behavior disagreeable people deal with a lot of conflicts and develop hostility towards others unnecessarily. Researchers found that helping these individuals open out and behave in a friendly manner towards others helped them break the shell.

Empathy is a word whose meaning is mostly unknown by highly disagreeable people as they lack empathy even towards their first-circle relations. The tips and tricks given by researchers every other day online for only 10-15 minutes proved as an antidote for depression. The participants were also made to chant positive phrases, but it was the act of kindness and empathy shown towards others that maximized participants’ benefits.

Hostile people may never commit to the fact that they need people and argue that they are better alone but finally it does affect their mood and spoil their positive attitude. Compassion intervention helps to build a kinder society where people benefit from each other’s existence. Its necessary to understand that its not only physical health but mental health too that makes a person who he/she is. A strong body with a weak mental well-being or a strong mind with a weak physical well-being are like half-empty buckets. Understand how to become your healthiest self by practicing physical and mental well-being with the help of tips given at www.firsteatright.com.

Yo-yoing Cholesterol & BP Levels Increase Risk of Heart Attack & Stroke

Fluctuating BP & Cholesterol Levels increases heart disease risk
Seesawing between Highs & Lows Permanently Increases Heart Disease Risk

There is nothing surprising when we comment that cholesterol, diabetes and an increased body weight are contributing factors of heart disease and stroke. In a healthy person who is free from all these conditions and ailments, the risk remains greatest when blood sugar and blood pressure number keep fluctuating constantly.

Diabetes and BP have become as common as cold and cough with one in every four persons suffering from these ailments. Even small children are victims to juvenile diabetes in increasing proportions. The Korean study that used insurance records and health exams of more than 7 million adults none of whom suffered from a history of diabetes, high BP, heart attack or stroke showed that individuals who displayed maximum variation were at a/an:

  1. 127% increased risk of death
  2. 43% increased risk of heart attack
  3. 41% increased risk of stroke

Even with any of the measures fluctuating constantly, the risk factor remained constantly high. For example, when an individual’s blood sugar levels changed, heart attack risk increased by 16% and stroke risk by 13%.

This clearly shows that individuals need to regularly keep an eye on their BP and sugar levels to stay far away from heart attack and stroke. While a heart attack is the result of interrupted blood flow to the heart due to the presence of a blood clot, stroke is the result of a blocked blood vessel that flows to the brain due to a clot or rupture. Most problems with heart attack and stroke start owing to an inappropriate lifestyle. Correcting the lifestyle and adhering to healthy habits negates the risk of heart attack and stroke to a great extent. Eating right, exercising regularly, staying active, reducing stress as much as possible and practicing relaxation techniques are a great way to stay health in life and minimize the risk of diseases. Get in touch with reputed registered dietitian nutritionists at www.firsteatright.com to help you in this endeavor and succeed. One particular thing of interest is that, most individuals at a higher risk who experienced maximum variations were those belonging to the older age group and were mostly women. Hence, people belonging to these two risk groups must be extra cautious and follow the principles of a healthy lifestyle vigorously.

Delayed Dinner Timings Advance the Risk of High Blood Pressure & Diabetes

Late dinner timings increase risk of BP and prediabetes
Dining Out is Fun but Only While you Dine!

Weekends are not complete without the late-night parties and catch up sessions with friends in some of our favorite hangouts in the evening followed by a scrumptious dinner. There are not many who love to meet up over breakfast or lunch. Maybe the cool evening breeze, glamorous lights across eateries and pubs or a relaxed evening after completing all your pending chores in the morning are some of the reasons given by many of us for choosing dinner as the preferred meal for eating out or meeting people. You might save all your calories for the big dinner meal, but this might end you in trouble after all!

Save the Date but Change the Time

Looking forward to spend some time with your long-time buddy over an elaborate course of barbecue-styled foods and desserts makes you jump with joy. Dressed up in the best attire, you attack the restaurant’s menu and order an elaborate meal! Enjoy this meal as you might not feel so excited over another dinner like this after reading the consequences of eating a late-evening meal.

Eating big meals after 6 p.m. can lead to increase in blood pressure rates and blood sugar levels. Any food consumed after 6 p.m. is not going to instantly make you weigh more but the additional calories might lead to side effects such as high BP and sugar. Its been said that for every additional 20 calories consumed (based on a 2000-calorie diet) after 6 p.m. there is an increase in the risk of higher fasting glucose, insulin and insulin resistance all of which are risk factors for diabetes.

A team of researchers studied the link between meal timings and hypertension risk in people. The study involved almost 13,000 people aged between 18 and 76 who took up a survey that questioned them about their daily eating habits writing down their daily calorie intake after 6 p.m. Researchers found that more than half of the participants consumed more than 30% of their recommended calories after 6 p.m. daily and these people were at a 23% increased risk of developing high blood pressure compared to others. Also, those who consumed more than 30% of their calories in the evening were at a 19% greater risk of developing prediabetes compared to those who ate calorie-restricted meals at night. Now, when we eat has become as important as what we eat and how much we eat.

All are well-aware that prediabetes and increased blood pressure are high risk factors for heart disease. Read more about what causes a heart disease and how you can control your risk of suffering from a heart disease by visiting the website www.firsteatright.com. The study shows that consumed a major portion of your calorie requirements before 6 p.m. in the evening saves you from cardiovascular disease! Eat a light dinner and above all, eat an early dinner to avoid increase in health risks.

When You Can’t Get Up & Get Out of Bed

Boredom or stressed feeling can be signs of dysania
Depression Can be the Root Cause of Dysania

Getting up in the morning can be a gargantuan task for many who fall in love with sleep. Monday blues are common as we are forced to get back to school, college or office after two luxurious resting days filled with good food, plentiful sleep and fun. Even otherwise, none can find a better reason to get up foregoing the luxuries of tucking yourself under the bed covers and sleeping to heart’s content.

Often, our parents or spouse raise the curtain blinds or open windows to allow the sun to shine upon us during mornings. These too go missing during the winter season making it more advantageous for the sleepy bags to lie down forever in bed. In fact, these people consider it a sin to wake up when its dark outside. Above all these, there might be some situations during which you are unable to get out of bed at all indicating the presence of a serious problem. We have even got a term to describe this issue-dysania.

Dysania

Dysania is the inability to get up and get out of bed. While the normal human is filled with a desire to sleep for a little longer even after getting up dysania-affected people crave to remain in bed for days together, practically do this and are even perturbed at the thought of leaving the comfort of their bed. Though not clinically proved and accepted this condition is said to be extremely popular among individuals and there are millions of them who swear by it.

It is highly rare that a person is diagnosed with dysania alone. In most cases, this condition is accompanied most of the time with depression or chronic fatigue syndrome. Depression can make a person lead a lifeless life disrupting his/her entire happiness. Know more about it and learn to stay away from depression with the help of tips available at the website www.firsteatright.com. Though not outrightly visible there are clear signs indicating the disease. These individuals don’t feel sleepy all the time but lack the energy or even the attitude to step out of bed. Tiredness and laziness to get up might only procrastinate activities but dysania affects day to day activities way more than this impacting quality of life. Also, despite their responsibilities these individuals feel the need to stay in bed for days together. If you feel ‘tired’ or ‘bored’ it might be a normal phase that happens once a while but if ‘overwhelmed’, ‘stressed’ or ‘anxious’ are the words to describe your thoughts, it is better to meet a physician right away.

Tips for Better Sleep

Adults need anywhere between six and eight hours of sleep daily. Some ways to help you sleep better include:

  1. Follow regular bedtime schedules. This helps you spend less time in bed and more time sleeping. Try to go to bed an hour or two earlier to get up earlier without much stress/fatigue.
  2. Keep your bedroom cozy and comfortable with soothing music, dim lights and aromatic fragrances while going to sleep
  3. Do something that involves your mind before going to sleep. This might make you tired and feel like falling asleep in a while
  4. Restrict caffeine intake and try to drink a warm cup of milk
  5. Take a bath or do yoga before going to bed
  6. Eat lightly before bedtime and avoid alcohol consumption
  7. Don’t use your smartphones or any other electronic gadgets before bedtime

While symptoms might be indicative of a general feeling of boredom or laziness it is better to get it checked with your physician to rule out dysania.

Bumpy Feet

Bumps can be malignant too!
Bump on Your Feet Can Ruin Your Activity Schedule

Our feet enable us to walk steadily without falling over and hurting ourselves. Some people experience pain in their feet due to overweight and some others find it painful to walk or feel uncomfortable when there is a bump on the bottom of the foot. The size of the bump can even be as small as a green pea or as big as a golf ball. It might also be on the arch of the foot, ankle or anywhere else too and might hurt or not hurt depending on its location and size. Whatever be it, better to check out the bump and ensure that it’s not cancerous.

Causes

There are different reasons for a bump on the back of the feet:

Improper weight distribution: The long bones behind the toes are sometimes misaligned and this hinders body weight distribution as a person walks. Some areas tend to absorb more pressure due to this and calluses might even develop on the ball of the foot. This mostly is present in people with diabetes and these people should take extreme care and avoid these calluses from turning out into ulcers.

Big toe joint: When a person’s big toe joint does not move correctly while walking, there is excess force applied to the toe’s bottom. Due to this pressure there might be chances that a callus might develop and the bone might enlarge.

Plantar fibromas: This is mostly a hereditary condition that causes a nodule to form on the foot’s bottom. These nodules are non-cancerous and form in the plantar fascia, the ligament in the foot’s arch

Plantar warts: These are usually caused due to human papilloma virus (HPV) and found at the heel, forefoot or toe base. The virus can enter the feet when an individual has any cuts or weak spots and leads to small wart formation. They are small and usually go away on their own. Read more on HPV from the website www.firsteatright.com.

Dyshidrotic eczema: If bumps at the bottom of your foot are itchy and filled with fluid, it might be due to dyshidrotic eczema. While the exact cause is still unknown, researchers assume the primary cause to be allergies. People with this condition might find their skin to be flakey, cracked and painful to touch.

Cysts: These are fluid-filled sacs that are usually benign and extremely small visible under a microscope. As the cyst grows, it causes pain and discomfort.

Bursitis: This is an inflammation of the natural cushion between bones and soft tissue.

Synovial sarcoma: This is a type of soft-tissue sarcoma which can be malignant. It grows as a lump or swelling. Cysts and sarcomas appear similar initially and it is easy to confuse between the two, but while cysts are benign, sarcomas are malignant and can spread to other parts of the body.

Haglund’s deformity: This forms under the Achilles tendon and is a bump on the back of the foot or heel. This bump, when it touches or rubs against a person’s shoes might cause pain and discomfort.

Treatment

Presence of a bump on the person’s feet that does not go away in a couple of days or causes pain/discomfort, it is better to meet a physician. Treatment for the bump depends on the cause primarily.

Uneven weight distribution: An insole or orthotic can treat bumps due to uneven weight distribution as it removes the pressure off the balls of the feet.

Plantar fibromas: Foot orthotics can prove helpful in this case too as it relieves pressure from the arch of the foot and also reduces the size of the nodule. Surgery is considered only during inevitable situations as performing a surgery calls for removing most of the plantar fascia.

Plantar warts: Usually these don’t need any treatment but if they bleed, change color or cause noticeable discomfort, it is better to consult a physician. The physician would suggest whether the wart needs to be removed or not. If you don’t see any changes in the wart, try home remedies such as keeping the leg area dry and clean, avoid touching with your hand and if you touch, please wash your hand immediately and change your socks and shoe every day.

Bursitis: It is usually treated with rest, anti-inflammatory drugs and ice. If none of these improve your condition, the doctor might suggest physical therapy or corticosteroids and recommend surgery when the situation goes beyond hands.

Cysts: Cysts can be drained by the doctor using a sterile needle and never try to drain your cyst at home. Surgery might be needed if the cyst is bigger in size.

Synovial sarcoma: This is malignant and it is better to seek medical attention immediately. Doctors remove it with surgery and might also suggest chemotherapy or radiotherapy.

Haglund’s deformity: You can wear open back shoes, keep ice over the affected area or take anti-inflammatory medications as home remedies. If these are not effective, you can go for ultrasound treatments, tissue massage, orthotics, heel pads or immobilizing boots. Surgery might be needed if any of the treatment options are ineffective.

Psychobiotics: The Perfect Blend of Prebiotics & Probiotics

Take a psychobiotic & stay off depression
Treading between Probiotics & Prebiotics

The hype and fervor surrounding probiotics and prebiotics is slowly fading away with the introduction of another new term ‘psychobiotics’. Quickly brushing up on our basics, probiotics are foods that contain microorganisms that improve the good bacteria count and prebiotics are those that act as foods for these microorganisms. Continuing research on the gut microbiota has introduced us to surprising results. The fact that bacteria have a positive impact on human health is known since ages, but we are learning more and more about the gut-brain connection and their definite impact on our appetite, mood and circadian rhythm too only for the past few decades. If curiosity gets the better of you, www.firsteatright.com is the website to clear any of your pending doubts regarding the gut-brain connection.

Establishing a Strong Connection

By definition, psychobiotics are live bacteria that confer mental health benefits by interaction with gut bacteria on ingestion. During early phases, psychobiotics were described as playing a critical role in treating psychiatric conditions but ongoing research has helped mankind treat these as beneficial agents that have a positive impact on anyone who suffers from anxiety problems, clinical depression and stress. Initially, psychobiotics were branded as probiotics that post-ingestion establishes positive psychiatric effects. The thundering study results showing improved immunity, decreased stress and better memory make each of us aware of the importance of gut bacteria in our lives and this leads us to exploring yet another new domain-psychobiotics.

Animal studies are what is happening in full pace now with only extremely limited human sample sizes which makes replication next to impossible. It’s been clearly proved that the immune system, vagus nerve, gut hormones and neurotransmitters are fully involved in the bacteria-gut-brain axis. Researchers are excited over that fact that these psychobiotics might help in treating psychological disorders and improve cognition down the lane. Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s now have a new foe! Some suggest including antidepressants, antipsychotics, exercise and eating in the umbrella of terms describing psychobiotics due to their lasting impact on the human gut.

Wait Until Further Notice

Research is under way and nothing has been completely established but food products are stacked in supermarket aisles boasting psychobiotics effect. These are advertised as elevating the effect of antidepressants and antipsychotics but there is a long way to go before we conclude on anything. Material is available and hints are peaking out here and there on the positive effects of psychobiotics, but we need to channelize these hints and bring out the best possible. There have been correlations between eating a Mediterranean diet for an extensive period and reduced risk of depressive disorders. Researchers also feel that studying the gut microbes of those following a Mediterranean-style diet might help them identify bacterial strains that have psychobiotic activity. Once all these have been proved and advantages well-established, psychobiotics would be our dear future cure.